Selected Publications


Katz, A.C., Hee, D., Hooker, C.I., & Shankman, S.A. (In press). A family study of the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5)Journal of Personality Disorders.

Katz, A.C., Weinberg, A., Gorka, S.M., Auerbach, R.P., & Shankman, S.A. (In press). Effect of comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder and panic disorder on defensive respondingJournal of Psychophysiology.

Liu, H., Lieberman, L., Stevens, S., Auerbach, R.P., & Shankman, S.A. (2017). Using a cultural and RDoC framework to conceptualize anxiety in Asian Americans. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 48, 63-69. {abstract}

Lieberman, L., Gorka, S.M., Funkhouser, C.J., Shankman, S.A., & Phan, K.L. (2017)Impact of Posttraumatic Stress Symptom Dimensions on Psychophysiological Reactivity to Threat and RewardJournal of Psychiatric Research, 92, 55-63. {abstract}

Lieberman, L., Stevens, E.S., Funkhouser, C.J., Weinberg. A., Sarapas, C., Huggins, A.A., & Shankman, S.A. (2017). How Many Blinks are Necessary for a Reliable Startle Response? A Test Using the NPU-threat TaskInternational Journal of Psychophysiology, 114, 24-30. {abstract}

Weinberg, A., & Shankman, S.A. (2017). Blunted reward processing in remitted melancholic depression. Clinical Psychological Science, 5, 14-25. {abstract}

Shankman, S.A., Gorka, S.M., Katz, A.C., Klein, D.N., Markowitz, J.C., Arnow, B.A., Manber, R., Rothbaum, B.O., Thase, M.E., Schatzberg, A.F., Keller, M.B., Trivedi, M.H., & Kocsis, J.H. (2017). Side effects to antidepressant treatment in patients with depression and comorbid panic disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 78, 433-440. {abstract}

Lieberman, L., Gorka, S.M., Shankman, S.A., & Phan, K.L. (2017). Impact of panic on psychophysiological and neural reactivity to unpredictable threat in depression and anxiety. Clinical Psychological Science, 5, 52-63. {abstract}

Gorka, S.M., Lieberman, L., Shankman, S.A., & Phan, K.L. (2017). Startle potentiation to uncertain threat as a psychophysiological indicator of fear-based psychopathology: An examination across multiple internalizing disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 126, 8-18. {abstract}


Lieberman, L., Gorka, S.M., Huggins, A.A., Katz., A.C., Sarapas, C. & Shankman, S.A. (2016).  Agreement between self and informant-reported ratings of personality traits: The moderating effects of major depressive and/or panic disorder. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disorders, 4, 306-313. {abstract}

Nelson, B.D., Liu, H., Sarapas, C., & Shankman, S.A. (2016) Intolerance of uncertainty mediates the relationship between panic and the startle reflex in anticipation of unpredictable threat. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology. {abstract}

Weinberg, A., Liu, H., & Shankman, S.A. (2016). Blunted neural response to errors as a trait marker of melancholic depression. Biological Psychology, 113¸ 100-107. {abstract}

Nelson, B.D., & Shankman, S.A. (2016). Visuospatial and mathematical dysfunction in major depressive disorder and/or panic disorder: A study of parietal functioning. Cognition and Emotion, 30, 417-429.{abstract}

Zalta, A.K., & Shankman, S.A. (2016). Conducting psychopathology prevention research in the RDoC era. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 23, 94-104. {abstract}

Gorka, S.M., Hee, D., Lieberman, L., Mittal, V.A., Phan, K.L., & Shankman, S.A. (2016). Reactivity to uncertain threat as a familial vulnerability factor for alcohol use disorder. Psychological Medicine, 46, 3349-3358. {abstract}


Lieberman, L., Gorka, S.M., Sarapas, C., & Shankman, S.A. (2015). Cognitive flexibility mediates the relation between intolerance of uncertainty and safety signal responding in those with panic disorder. Cognition and Emotion. {abstract}

Nelson, B.D., Hajcak, G., & Shankman, S.A. (2015). Event-related potentials to acoustic startle probes during the anticipation of predictable and unpredictable threat. Psychophysiology. {abstract}

Shankman, S.A., & Gorka, S.M. (2015). Psychopathology research in the RDoC era: Unanswered questions and the importance of the psychophysiological unit of analysis. International Journal of Psychophysiology. {abstract}

Nelson, B.D., Fitzgerald, D.A., Klumpp, H., Shankman, S.A., & Phan, K.L. (2015). Prefrontal engagement by cognitive reappraisal of negative faces. Behavioural Brain Research, 279, 218-225. {abstract}

Katz, A.C., Sarapas, C., Bishop, J.R., Patel, S.R., & Shankman, S.A. (2015). The mediating effect of prefrontal asymmetry on the relationship between the COMT Val158Met SNP and trait consummatory positive affect. Cognition and Emotion, 5, 867-881. {abstract}

MacNamara, A., Rabinak, C., Fitzgerald, D., Zhou, X.J., Shankman, S., Milad, M., & Phan, K.L. (2015). Neural correlates of individual differences in fear learning. Behavioural Brain Research, 287, 34-41. {abstract}

Nelson, B.D., Hodges, A., Hajcak, G., & Shankman, S.A. (2015). Anxiety sensitivity and the anticipation of predictable and unpredictable threat: Evidence from the startle reflex and event-related potentials. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 33, 62-71. {abstract}

Gorka, G.M., Liu, H., Daughters, S.B., & Shankman, S.A. (2015). Is risk-taking propensity a familial risk factor for alcohol use problems? An examination in two separate samples. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 68, 54-60. {abstract}

Gorka, S.G., Liu, H., Sarapas, C., & Shankman, S.A. (2015). Time course of threat responding in panic disorder and depression. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 98, 87-94. {abstract}

DelDonno, S.R., Weldon, A.L., Crane, N.A., Passarotti, A.M., Pruitt, P.J., Gabriel, L.B., Yau, W., Meyers, K.K., Hsu, D.T., Taylor, S.F., Heitzeg, M.M., Herbener, E.S., Shankman, S.A., Mickey, B.J., Zubieta, J-K., & Langenecker., S.A. (2015). Affective personality predictors of disrupted reward learning and pursuit in Major Depressive Disorder. Psychiatry Research, 230, 56-64. {abstract}

Gorka, S.M., Phan, K.L., & Shankman, S.A. (2015). Convergence of EEG and fMRI measures of reward anticipation. Biological Psychology, 112, 12-19. {abstract}

Weinberg, A., Liu, H., Proudfit, G.H., & Shankman, S.A. (2015). Blunted neural response to rewards as a vulnerability factor for depression: Results from a family study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 124, 878-889. {abstract}

Peters, A.T., Shankman, S.A., Deckersbach, T., & West, A.E. (2015). Predictors of first episode unipolar depression in individuals with and without sub-threshold depressive symptoms: A prospective, population-based study. Psychiatry Research, 230, 150-156. {abstract}

Olson, E.K., Bjorkquist, O.A., Bodapati, A.S., Shankman, S.A., & Herbener, E.S. (2015). Associations between trait anhedonia and emotional memory deficits in females with schizophrenia versus major depression. Psychiatry Research, 230, 323-330. {abstract}


Katz, A.C., Sarapas, C., Bishop, J.R., Patel, S.R., & Shankman, S.A. (2014). The mediating effect of prefrontal asymmetry on the relationship between the COMT Val158Met SNP and trait consummatory positive affectCognition and Emotion. {abstract}

Gorka, S.M., Huggins, A.A., Fitzgerald, D.A., Nelson, B.D., Phan, K.L., & Shankman, S.A. (2014). Neural response to reward anticipation in those with depression with and without panic disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 164, 50-56. {abstract}

Gorka, S.M., Shankman, S.A., Olino, T.M., Seeley, J.R., Kosty, D.B., & Lewinsohn, P.M. (2014). Anxiety disorders and risk for alcohol use disorders: The moderating effect of parental support. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 140, 191-197. {abstract}

Gorka, S.M., Lieberman, L., Nelson, B.D., Sarapas, C., & Shankman, S.A. (2014). Aversive responding to safety signals in panic disorder: The Moderating role of intolerance of uncertainty. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28, 731-736. {abstract}

Gorka, S.M., Nelson, B.D., Phan, K.L., & Shankman, S.A. (2014). Insula response to unpredictable and predictable aversiveness in individuals with panic disorder and comorbid depression. Biology of Mood and Anxiety Disorders, 4, 1-6. {abstract}

Nelson, B. D., Bishop, J. R., Sarapas, C., Kittles, R. A., & Shankman, S. A. (2014). Asians demonstrate reduced sensitivity to unpredictable threat: A preliminary startle investigation using genetic ancestry in a multi-ethnic sample.
Emotion. {abstract}

Shankman, S. A., Gorka, S. M., Nelson, B. D., Fitzgerald, D. A., Phan, L. K., & O'Daly, O. (2014). Anterior insula responds to temporally unpredictable aversiveness: An fMRI study. Neuroreport, 25, 596-600. {abstract}

Sarapas, C., Katz, A. C., Nelson, B. D., Campbell, M. L., Bishop, J. R., Robison-Andrew, E. J., Altman, S. E., Gorka, S. M., & Shankman, S. A. (2014). Are individual differences in appetitive and defensive motivation related? A psychophysiological examination in two independent samples. Cognition & Emotion, 28, 636-655. {abstract}

Nelson, B. D., Shankman, S. A., & Proudfit, G. H. (2014). Intolerance of uncertainty mediates reduced reward anticipation in major depressive disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 158, 108-113. {abstract}

Campbell, M. L., Gorka, S. M., McGowan, S. K., Nelson, B. D., Sarapas, C., Katz, A. C., Robison-Andrew, E. J., & Shankman, S. A. (2014). Does anxiety sensitivity correlate with startle habituation? An examination in two independent samples. Cognition & Emotion, 28, 46-58. {abstract}


Shankman, S. A., Nelson, B. D., Sarapas, C., Robison-Andrew, E. J., Campbell, M. L., Altman, S. E., McGowan, S. K., Katz, A. C., & Gorka, S. M. (2013). A psychophysiological investigation of threat and reward sensitivity in individuals with panic disorder and/or major depressive disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 322-338. {abstract}

Nelson, B. D., McGowan, S. K., Sarapas, C., Robison-Andrew, E. J., Altman, S. E., Campbell, M. L., Gorka, S. M., Katz, A. C., & Shankman, S. A. (2013). Biomarkers of threat and reward sensitivity demonstrate unique associations with risk for psychopathology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 662-671. {abstract}

Altman, S. E., Campbell, M. L., Nelson, B. D., Faust, J., & Shankman, S. A. (2013). The relation between symptoms of bulimia nervosa and obsessive-compulsive disorder: A startle investigation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 1132-1141.

Sarapas, C., Shankman, S. A., Harrow, M., & Faull, R. N. (2013). Attention/processing speed prospectively predicts social impairment 18 years later in mood disorders. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 201, 824-827. {abstract}

Gorka, S. M., Nelson, B. D, & Shankman, S. A. (2013). Startle response to unpredictable threat in comorbid panic disorder and alcohol dependence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 132, 216-22. {abstract}

Gorka, S. M., Shankman, S. A., Seeley, J. R., & Lewinsohn, P. M. (2013). The moderating effect of parental illicit substance use disorders on the relation between adolescent depression and subsequent illicit substance use disorders. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 128, 1-7. {abstract}

Gorka, S. M., McGowan, S. K., Campbell, M. L., Nelson, B. D., Sarapas, C., Bishop, J. R., & Shankman, S. A. (2013). Association between respiratory sinus arrhythmia and reductions in startle responding in three independent samples. Biological Psychology, 93, 334-341. {abstract}

Gorka, S. M., Nelson, B. D., Sarapas, C., Campbell, M. L., Lewis, G. F., Bishop, J. R., Porges, S. W., & Shankman, S. A. (2013). Relation between respiratory sinus arrhythmia and startle response during predictable and unpredictable threat. Journal of Psychophysiology, 27, 95-104. {abstract}

Shankman, S. A., Campbell, M. L., Klein, D. N., Leon, A. C., Arnow, B. A., Manber, R., Keller, M. B., Markowitz, J. C., Rothbaum, B. O., Thase, M. E., & Kocsis, J. H. (2013). Dysfunctional attitudes as a moderator of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy for chronic depression. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 47, 113-121 {abstract}

Shankman, S. A., Katz, A. C., Passarotti, A. M., & Pavuluri, M. N. (2013). Deficits in emotion recognition in pediatric bipolar disorder: The mediating effects of irritability. Journal of Affective Disorders, 144, 134-140. {abstract}


Sarapas, C., Shankman, S. A., Harrow, M., & Goldberg, J. F. (2012). Parsing trait and state effects of depression severity on neurocognition: Evidence from a 26-year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121, 830-837. {abstract}

Nelson, B. D., Sarapas, C., Robison-Andrew, E. J., Altman, S. E., Campbell, M. L., & Shankman, S. A. (2012). Frontal brain asymmetry in depression with comorbid anxiety: A neuropsychological investigation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121, 579-591{abstract}

Shankman, S. A., Nadelson, J., McGowan. S. K., Sovari, A., & Vidovich, M. I. (2012). The predictive power of depression screening procedures for veterans with coronary artery disease. Vascular Health and Risk Management, 8, 233-238. {abstract}


Nelson, B. D., & Shankman, S. A. (2011). Does intolerance of uncertainty predict anticipatory responses to uncertain threat? An EMG startle study. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 81, 107-115. {abstract}

Nelson, B. D., Shankman, S. A., Klein, D. N., & Olino, T. M. (2011). Defining reactivity: How several methodological decisions can affect conclusions about emotional reactivity in psychopathology. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 1439-1459. {abstract}

Shankman, S. A., Klein, D. N., Torpey, D. C., Olino, T. M., Dyson, M. W., Kim, J., Durbin, C. E., Nelson, B. D., & Tenke, C. E. (2011). Do positive and negative temperaments interact in predicting risk for depression? A resting EEG study of 329 preschoolers. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 551-562. {abstract}

Shankman, S. A., Robison-Andrew, E. J., Nelson, B. D., Altman, S. E., & Campbell, M. L. (2011). Effects of predictability of shock timing and intensity on fearful and anxious responses. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 80, 112-118. {abstract}

Shankman, S. A., Sarapas, C., & Klein, D. N. (2011). The effect of pre vs. post-reward attainment on EEG asymmetry in melancholic depression. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 79, 287-295. {abstract}


Altman, S. E., Shankman, S. A., & Spring, B. (2010). Effect of acute tryptophan depletion on emotions in individuals with personal and family history of depression following a mood induction. Neuropsychobiology, 62, 171–176. {abstract}

Shankman, S. A., Nelson, B. D., Harrow, M., & Faull, R. (2010). Does physical anhedonia play a role in depression? A 20-year longitudinal study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 120, 170-176. {abstract}


Shankman, S. A., Lewinsohn, P. M., Klein, D. N., Small, J. W, Seeley, J. R., & Altman, S. E. (2009). Subthreshold conditions as precursors for full syndrome disorders: A 15-year longitudinal study of multiple diagnostic classes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 1485-1494. {abstract}

Altman, S. E., & Shankman, S. A. (2009). What is the association between obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders? Clinical Psychology Review, 29, 638-646. {abstract}

Robison, E. J., Shankman, S. A., & McFarland, B. R. (2009). Independent associations between personality and age of onset and chronicity of depression. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 197, 476-483. {abstract}

Klein, D. N., Shankman, S. A., Lewinsohn, P. M., & Seeley, J. R. (2009). Subthreshold depression in adolescents: Predictors of escalation to full syndrome depressive disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48, 703-710. {abstract}


Shankman, S. A., Silverstein, S. M., Williams, L. M., Hopkinson, P., Kemp, A. H., Felmingham, K. L., Bryant, R. A., McFarlane, A., & Clark, C. R. (2008). Resting electroencephalogram asymmetry and post-traumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 21, 190-198. {abstract}

Shankman, S. A., Klein, D. N., Lewinsohn, P. M., Seeley, J. R., & Small, J. W. (2008). Family study of subthreshold psychopathology in a community sample. Psychological Medicine, 38, 187-198. {abstract}


Shankman, S. A., Klein, D. N., Tenke, C. E., & Bruder, G. E. (2007). Reward sensitivity in depression: A biobehavioral study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116, 95-104. {abstract}